September 19, 2022 at 1:05 pm
The high-level debate starting Tuesday at the General Assembly in New York with leaders from around the world comes at a time of the Ukrainian conflict.
After seven months of conflict, the UN believes that peace is still far from being achieved and will take advantage of the General Assembly to try to advance on specific issues such as facilitating the export of food and fertilizers from Ukraine and Russia, guaranteeing safety at the nuclear power plant. of Zaporijia and ensure dignified treatment for prisoners of war.
While the problem is deeper, the war in Ukraine has exacerbated the food crisis in many developing countries, which will require more support from the United Nations to avert a potential catastrophe.
According to the UN, this year there is a risk of famine in countries such as Yemen, Somalia, Ethiopia, South Sudan, Nigeria or Afghanistan and during the next week several parallel meetings will be held in New York to try to prevent the threat from becoming a reality. .
Meanwhile, the energy crisis resulting from the Ukrainian conflict will be one of the main concerns of European countries, which are preparing for a difficult winter.
The other major crisis that will be discussed at the UN is the climate crisis, as António Guterres has announced that he will use the next week to look for more commitments in this area, especially among the richest countries.
The Iranian nuclear dossier and the fractured relations between the two great economic powers – the United States and China – will also be topics that will attract attention at the UN.
As usual, Brazil will be the country to open high-level speeches at the 77th General Assembly, by the country’s President, Jair Bolsonaro, on Tuesday morning.
However, the usual order of speeches will be reversed, since the United States – host of the event and traditionally the second to present -, will only intervene on Wednesday, due to the presence of the head of state, Joe Biden, at the funeral. of Queen Elizabeth II – taking place on Monday.
According to Stéphane Dujarric, spokesperson for the UN Secretary-General, António Guterres, the fact that many state figures traveled to London to participate in the funeral ceremony of the former British monarch forced a change in the agenda at the United Nations.
“Our programming colleagues are really trying to fit it all together, because obviously the change in travel by some world leaders has impacted our bilateral meetings, but the secretary-general is expected to have a large number of bilateral meetings with heads of state, governments, foreign ministers and other dignitaries,” Dujarric told a press briefing.
Initially, at least 90 heads of state planned to participate in that summit, but the United Nations has already confirmed that many have changed their plans, being represented by other figures of state.